Socialist Experience

 

Overview on Socialism and Communism:

Bob Avakian’s New Synthesis on the History of Socialism in the 20th century

Conquer the World? The International Proletariat Must and Will, by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the RCP, USA

Dictatorship and Democracy, and the Socialist Transition to Communism, by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA

Advancing the World Revolutionary Movement: Questions of Strategic Orientation, by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the RCP, USA

The End of a Stage—The Beginning of a New Stage, Mao More Than Ever! (PDF) by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the RCP, USA

On Proletarian Democracy and Proletarian Dictatorship—A Radically Different View of Leading Society, excerpts from “Getting Over the Two Great Humps: Further Thoughts on Conquering the World,” by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the RCP, USA

On Communism, Leadership, Stalin, and the Experience of Socialist Society, Bob Avakian, Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA—Interview on Michael Slate radio show, 2005, Revolution #168, 6/21/2009

Other Important Articles on Socialism and Communism

Constitution for the New Socialist Republic in North America (Draft Proposal), from the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA, October 2010

Everything You’ve Been Told About Communism Is Wrong: Capitalism Is a Failure, Revolution Is the Solution, speech by Raymond Lotta, November 2009

Revolution talks with Raymond Lotta: Socialist Revolution in the 20th Century—Controversies and Lessons

Part 1, Revolution #166, 5/31/2009

Part 2, Revolution #167, 6/7/2009

Part 3, Revolution #169, 6/28/2009

Socialism Is Much Better than Capitalism, and Communism Will Be a Far Better World, speech by Raymond Lotta

Critical Thinking and the Search for the Truth: Today and in Socialist Society, by Raymond Lotta, Revolution #081, 3/11/2007

Frequently Asked Questions: What Is Communism? What Is Its Real History? What Does It Have to Do With the World Today? (Brochure PDF) by Set the Record Straight, 5/17/2012


Revolutionary China (1949-1976):

The TRUE Story of Mao Tsetung and the Communist Revolution in China, by Li Onesto with a Revolution Writers Group

Part 1, Revolution #140, 8/17/2008

Part 2, Revolution #141, 8/24/2008

When China Was Socialist, Revolution #137, 7/27/2008

Naomi Klein's The Shock Doctrine and its Anti-Communist Distortions—Unfortunately, No Shock There, by Bob Avakian, Revolution #118, 2/3/2008

“Now We Know Too Much”…Or Do We? The New Yorker, Mao, and Twisting the Numbers, by Raymond Lotta, Revolution #109, 11/18/2007

Social and Economic Achievements Under Mao, Fact Sheet by Set the Record Straight, (PDF version)

Everything You’ve Been Told about Communism Is Wrong: Capitalism Is a Failure, Revolution Is the Solution – Pop Quiz! (PDF), 10/05/2009

Mao Zedong: Not Fairy-Tale Monster, But Greatest Liberator of Mid-20th Century, (PDF) by Raymond Lotta, 11/6/2005

Bush Cheers New Anti-Mao Biography, Authors Are “Thrilled”—Maoist Scholar Says: “Big Liars and Big Anti-Communists Deserve Each Other,” Press Release by Set the Record Straight, Revolution #033, 2/5/2006

Socialist Planning or “Market Socialism”? by Raymond Lotta, Revolutionary Worker #1166, 9/15/2002

From A World to Win: Celebrate the 50th Anniversary of the Chinese Revolution, excerpts of speech by Carl Dix, National Spokesperson for the RCP,USA, Revolutionary Worker #1083, 12/17/2000

When the People Had Power: The Economic Miracles of Maoist China, by Raymond Lotta, Revolutionary Worker #1029, 11/7/1999

Mao Tsetung: The Art of War, Part 1: Luring the Enemy in Deep, Revolutionary Worker #1030, 11/14/1999; Part 2: The War Against Japanese Aggression, Revolutionary Worker #1031, 11/21/1999

The End of Deng Xiaoping: Enemy of the People, excerpt from speech by Bob Avakian, Chairman of the RCP,USA – January 29, 1979, Revolutionary Worker #896, 3/2/1997

How Maoist Revolution Wiped Out Drug Addiction in China, by C. Clark Kissinger, Revolutionary Worker #734, 12/5/1993


Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution of China (1966-1976):

The Cultural Revolution: The Furthest Advance of Human Emancipation Yet, excerpt from interview with Raymond Lotta, Revolution #323, 11/23/2013.

The Cultural Revolution in China...Art and Culture...Dissent and Ferment...and Carrying Forward the Revolution Toward Communism, Bob Avakian, Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA—Interview on Michael Slate radio show, 2005, Revolution #260, 2/19/2012

Raymond Lotta, “Socialism Is Much Better than Capitalism, and Communism Is a Whole Better World”:

Part 10: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China—Not Fanatical Purge, But the Socialist Road vs. the Capitalist Road

Part 11: Mao on the Contradictions of Socialist Society

Part 12: The Cultural Revolution in China, A Seismic Eruption of Liberation

Part 13: The Cultural Revolution—Complex and Liberating Struggle

Part 14: The Cultural Revolution—Accomplishments in Education and Culture

Part 15: The Cultural Revolution—Health Care and the Economy

“Alain Badious’s ‘Politics of Emancipation,’ a Communism Locked within the Confines of a Bourgeois World,” by Raymond Lotta, Nayi Duniya, and K.J.A., Demarcations: a Journal of Communist Theory and Polemic, Issue No. 1, Summer-Fall 2009. See Ch. 4 “Rereading the Cultural Revolution in Order to Bury the Cultural Revolution.”

Dongping Han: The Unknown Cultural Revolution – Life and Change in a Chinese Village, Revolution #174, 8/30/2009, Q&A

Interview with Bai Di: Growing Up in Revolutionary China, Revolution #161, 4/12/2009

Check It Out: New Book – The Battle for China’s Past, by Mobo Gao, Revolution #140, 8/17/2008

The Truth About the Cultural Revolution: Fact Sheet by Set the Record Straight, PDF version

Yang Ban Xi: Model Revolutionary Works in Revolutionary China, by Li Onesto, Revolution #051, 6/18/2006, PDF version

“We had a dream that the world can be better than today,” Set the Record Straight interviews Wang Zheng, author of Some of Us: Chinese Women Growing Up in the Mao Era, Revolution #059, 9/3/2006

Daring to Scale the Heights for the Emancipation of Humanity: In Tribute to Zhang Chunqiao: 1917-2005, by Raymond Lotta, Revolution #003, 5/22/2005

Zhang Chunqiao and the Anting Incident, Revolution #003, 5/22/2005

From “On Exercising All-Round Dictatorship Over the Bourgeoisie” by Zhang Chunqiao (written in 1975), Revolution #003, 5/22/2005

The Red Guards: Hong Wei Bing – In 1966, millions of youth stormed the heavens during China's Cultural Revolution, Revolutionary Worker #966, 7/19/1998

Introduction: “Maoist Economics and the Future of Socialism,” from Marxist Economics and the Revolutionary Road to Communism: The Shanghai Textbook on Political Economy, by Raymond Lotta, 1994, PDF version

Afterword: “The Theory and Practice of Maoist Planning: In Defense of a Viable and Visionary Socialism,” from Marxist Economics and the Revolutionary Road to Communism: The Shanghai Textbook on Political Economy, by Raymond Lotta, 1994, PDF version

Running with the Red Guards: Memories of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (PDF), Revolutionary Worker #735, 12/12/1993

Chiang Ching: The Revolutionary Ambitions of a Communist Leader, A World To Win #19, 1993

Chiang Ching: A Revolutionary Life, Revolutionary Worker #610, 6/16/1991

Lotta, Raymond, ed., And Mao Makes 5, Chicago: Banner Press, 1978. Collection of a large number of primary texts that document the battle led by Mao and his closest followers, the so-called “gang of four,” against a powerful neo-capitalist headquarters in the Communist Party led by Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping. With an Introduction by Raymond Lotta that traces the political struggle as it unfolded from the 10th Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1973 to the arrest of the Four and triumph of counterrevolution following Mao's death in 1976.


Socialism and Ending Women’s Oppression:

Interview with Bai Di: Growing Up in Revolutionary China, Revolution #161, 4/12/2009

Watching “The People’s Republic of Capitalism” and Remembering the Liberated Women of Socialist China, Revolution #140, 8/17/2008

“We had a dream that the world can be better than today,” Set the Record Straight interviews Wang Zheng, author of Some of Us: Chinese Women Growing Up in the Mao Era, Revolution #059, 9/3/2006

The Experience of Socialism in the Soviet Union and China: Women’s Liberation on the Cutting Edge, Revolution #038, 3/12/2006

Breaking All Tradition's Chains: A Glimpse of the Future from Maoist China, An Interview with Mary Lou Greenberg, Revolutionary Worker #1045, 3/5/2000

How Collective Childcare Liberated Women in Maoist China, by Li Onesto, Revolutionary Worker #956, 5/10/1998


The Environment and Socialism:

Capitalism, the Environment, and Ecology Under Socialism, by Raymond Lotta, Revolution #052, 6/25/2006

Some Key Principles of Socialist Sustainable Development, Revolution #199, 4/18/2010


Art & Culture in Socialist Society:

Interview with Bob Avakian, The Cultural Revolution in China...Art and Culture...Dissent and Ferment...and Carrying Forward the Revolution Toward Communism, Revolution #260, 2/19/2012, audio at KPFK-LA, Michael Slate

Yang Ban Xi: Model Revolutionary Works in Revolutionary China, by Li Onesto, Revolution #051, 6/18/2006, PDF version

Writing for the Revolution: The Story of Lu Xun (1881-1936), Revolutionary Worker #970, 8/23/1998

Chiang Ching: The Revolutionary Ambitions of a Communist Leader, A World To Win #19, 1993

Chiang Ching: A Revolutionary Life, Revolutionary Worker #610, 6/16/1991


Healthcare & Education in Revolutionary China:

Health Care Under Capitalism, Health Care Under Socialism, Revolution #179, 10/11/2009

The Barefoot Doctors of Rural China, documentary filmed primarily in 1975.


Tibet:

Some Points to Consider about the Efforts to Boycott the China Olympics, by Li Onesto, Revolution #127, 4/20/2008

The Protests in Tibet and the Discontent Below, by Li Onesto, Revolution #125, 4/6/2008

Tibet: From Brutal Theocracy to Socialist Liberation to Capitalist Nightmare, Revolution #125, 4/6/2008


Socialism in the Soviet Union (1917-1956):

Excerpt from interview with Raymond Lotta, “1917—The Revolution Breaks Through in Russia

Raymond Lotta replies to Keith Jamieson: On Communism, Stalin, and Historical Accuracy, Revolution Online, 12/3/2009

On Communism, Leadership, Stalin, and the Experience of Socialist Society, Bob Avakian, Chairman of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA—Interview on Michael Slate radio show, 2005, Revolution #168, 6/21/2009

Raymond Lotta, “Socialism Is Much Better than Capitalism, and Communism Is a Whole Better World”:

Part 3: The Bolsheviks Lead a Revolution That Shakes the World

Part 4: The Soviet Experiment: The Social Revolution Ushered in by Proletarian Power

Part 5: The Soviet Experiment: Building the World's First Socialist Economy

Part 6: The Soviet Experiment: World War 2 and Its Aftermath

The Outrageous Equating of Communism with Nazism, Revolution #011, 8/14/2005

Background for the Movie Enemy at the Gate: The Red Street Fighters of Stalingrad, Revolutionary Worker #1098, 4/15/2001

The 1917 October Revolution: How the Bolsheviks Seized Power, Part 1: The Bolsheviks Win the Masses, Revolutionary Worker #931, 11/9/1997; Part 2: Leninist Tactics: Triple Audacity and Relying on the Masses, Revolutionary Worker #932, 11/16/1997; Part 3: To Delay Is Fatal, Revolutionary Worker #933, 11/23/1997; Part 4: The New Day Dawns, Revolutionary Worker #934, 11/30/1997


History of Socialism:

Story of the Red Flag, Revolution #047, 5/21/2006

The Communist Manifesto Today: Still True, Still Dangerous, Still the Hope of the Hopeless, by Raymond Lotta, Part 1; Part 2, Revolutionary Worker #958-9, 5/24 & 31/1998

150th Anniversary: The Story of the Communist Manifesto, Revolutionary Worker #936, 12/14/1997

The Origins of May First: Haymarket 1886 and the “Troublesome Element,” Revolutionary Worker #351, 4/14/1986

“The Line of the Comintern on the Civil War in Spain,” Revolution magazine, June 1981, Issue 49, pp. 32-70. PDF Part 1  PDF Part 2


Political Economy of Socialism:

When the People Had Power: The Economic Miracles of Maoist China, by Raymond Lotta, Revolutionary Worker #1029, 11/7/1999

Socialist Planning or “Market Socialism”? by Raymond Lotta, Revolutionary Worker #1166, 9/15/2002

Introduction: “Maoist Economics and the Future of Socialism,” from Marxist Economics and the Revolutionary Road to Communism: The Shanghai Textbook on Political Economy, by Raymond Lotta, 1994, PDF version

Afterword: “The Theory and Practice of Maoist Planning: In Defense of a Viable and Visionary Socialism,” from Marxist Economics and the Revolutionary Road to Communism: The Shanghai Textbook on Political Economy, by Raymond Lotta, 1994, PDF version

Marx, Karl, Critique of the Gotha Programme. Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1972.

Marx did not set down a systematic account of how a socialist economy would function. But in this brief work, written towards the end of his life, he does offer more extensive comments on the conditions of emergence and the economic and social organization of socialist and communist society.

Lenin, V.I., The State and Revolution, Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1973.

Taking Marx's ideas further, and defending them against revisionist assault, Lenin discusses the nature of the proletarian state and the economic and political factors involved in the transition from socialism to communism.

Stalin, Joseph, Economic Problems of Socialism in the U.S.S.R., Peking: Foreign Languages Press, 1972.

In this essay, written in 1952, Stalin attempts to identify and address key problems arising from the remnants of capitalism still surviving under socialism. The discussion ranges over such issues as the law of value, commodity production, and their effects on the regulation of socialist production, and the continuing contradiction between the forces and relations of production. A serious work of socialist political economy, although also seriously flawed. See next reference.

Mao, Tsetung, A Critique of Soviet Economics, New York: Montly Review Press, 1977.

Pathbreaking writings dating from the late 1950s and early 1960s, Mao critically examines the Soviet model of socialist construction and its associated principles of socialist political economy. Set against the canvas of the Great Leap Forward, Mao probes the process of continuing revolution and the nature of the transition from socialism to communism—and in so doing stakes out new conceptual territory for Marxism.

Chun-chiao, Chang, “On Exercising All-Round Dictatorship Over the Bourgeoisie,” in Lotta, Raymond, ed., And Mao Makes Five, Chicago: Banner Press, 1978; also in Peking Review (14), 4 April 1975.

Chang was a key leader of the Cultural Revolution and part of the radical leadership core on whom Mao relied during his last great battle. This essay was written in 1975, as the struggle within the Chinese Communist Party over whether China would remain on the socialist road was coming to a fateful head. It is a highly important analysis of the relations of production under socialism, the contradictions within its ownership system, and the material and ideological conditions giving rise to new privileged and exploiting forces.

Avakian, Bob, Mao Tsetung’s Immortal Contributions, Chicago: RCP Publications, 1979.

A lucid synthesis of Mao’s contributions to various fields of Marxism, including the political economy of socialism, that is also a stimulating survey of the development of Marxist theory. The work provides ground as well for understanding key historical and developmental issues of the Chinese revolution.

Lotta, Raymond, ed., Maoist Economics and the Revolutionary Road to Communism: The Shanghai Textbook, New York: Banner Press, 1994.

Originally published in China during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, this is an English-language edition of a textbook explaining the goals, principles, and operational features of China’s economy during the time it was socialist (1949-1976). The book was suppressed by the post-Mao leadership. With an Introduction and Afterword by Raymond Lotta on Mao's breakthroughs in understanding of the nature of the socialist period of transition and the theory and practice of Maoist planning.


Modern Revisionism and Phony Communism:

North Korea Is Not a Socialist Society, Revolution #301, 4/14/2013

U.S. Imperialism, the Cuban Revolution, and Fidel Castro, by Raymond Lotta, Revolution #056, 8/13/2006


Current China (Under Capitalist Rule):

“One World, One Dream” and Beijing Olympics: What World, and Whose Dream? Revolution #140, 8/17/2008

Beijing Olympics: U.S. – China Rivalry...On and Off the Field, Revolution #139, 8/10/2008

Shifts and Faultlines in the World Economy and Great Power Rivalry: What Is Happening and What It Might Mean, Part 2. China's Capitalist Development and China's Rise in the World Imperialist System: Its Nature and Implications, by Raymond Lotta, Revolution #137, 7/27/2008

When China Was Socialist, Revolution #137, 7/27/2008

The Capitalist Ground Shaken by the Earthquake in China, by Li Onesto, Revolution #131, 6/1/2008

Some Points to Consider about the Efforts to Boycott the China Olympics, by Li Onesto, Revolution #127, 4/20/2008

Slave Labor in Today’s Capitalist China: The Real Face of the “Chinese Miracle,” from A World to Win News Service, Revolution #107, 11/4/2007

From A World to Win News Service: Snail Fever in China: Scourges of Old Come Back to Life, Revolution #006, 6/19/2005

SARS: Disease and the Dictatorship in China, From A World to Win News Service, Revolutionary Worker #1198, 5/11/2003

Workers Revolt in Capitalist China, Revolutionary Worker #1173, 11/3/2002

Toy Story in China: If Barbie Could Talk, Revolutionary Worker #1166, 9/15/2002

China: AIDS and the epidemic of Capitalism, Revolutionary Worker #1116, 8/26/2001

The Raid of Yuntang: Troops fire on rebel peasants in China, Revolutionary Worker #1101, 5/6/2001

The Demise of the Barefoot Doctors & the Health Crisis in China's Countryside, Revolutionary Worker #1096, 3/25/2001

Women in China: Free Market Slavery, Revolutionary Worker #1001, 4/11/1999

The Tiananmen Events 1989

  1. Tiananmen: It's Right to Rebel, Revolutionary Worker #1009, 6/6/1999

  2. The Tiananmen Square Rebellion: An Inside Story, The RW Interview, Revolutionary Worker #1009, 6/6/1999

  3. China, 1989: The Days of Defiance, Revolutionary Worker #1009, 6/6/1999

  4. Down With the Blood-Soaked Capitalist Regime in China! Excerpt from 1989 Statement by CORIM, Revolutionary Worker #1009, 6/6/1999

  5. Chairman Bob Avakian on Revolution & Counter-Revolution in China, Revolutionary Worker #1009, 6/6/1999

  6. Revolt in China: The Crisis of Revisionism, or Why Mao Tsetung Was Right, by Raymond Lotta, Revolutionary Worker #508, 5/28/1989

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